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A new end use of recycled water for sustainable Australian water

Funding: 2010: $83,000
2011: $81,000
2012: $85,000

Project Member(s): Ngo, H., Guo, W., Lim, R., Johnston, R.

Funding or Partner Organisation: Port Macquarie-Hastings Council (Port Macquarie Hastings Council)
Southern SEQ Distributor Retailer Authority (Allconnex Water)
Australian Research Council (ARC Linkage Projects)
City West Water (City West Water Industry Funding)

Start year: 2010

Summary: Sustainable water usage is becoming an increasingly important issue, both in Australia and internationally. This research will develop methods to ensure more cost effective recycled water schemes as well as identifying methods that could potentially save significant quantities of water. A key aspect of this is developing recycled water quality criteria and specific treatment requirements; this will also help alleviate public concerns about the use of recycled water. This will culminate in a novel concept of using recycled water for clothes washing machines, which will improve water sustainability and demonstrate the possibilities for recycled water usages.

Publications:

Chen, Z, Ngo, H & Guo, W 2013, 'A Critical Review on the End Uses of Recycled Water', Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 43, no. 14, pp. 1446-1516.
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Chen, Z, Ngo, H & Guo, W 2013, 'Risk control in recycled water schemes', Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 43, no. 22, pp. 2439-2510.
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Chen, Z, Ngo, H, Guo, W & Wang, X 2013, 'Analysis of Sydney's recycled water schemes', Frontiers of Environmental Science and Engineering, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 608-615.
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Chen, Z, Ngo, H, Guo, W, Wang, XC, Miechel, C, Corby, N, Listowski, A & O'Halloran, K 2013, 'Analysis of social attitude to the new end use of recycled water for household laundry in Australia by the regression models', Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 126, no. 1, pp. 79-84.
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Mainali, B, Pham, N, Ngo, H & Guo, W 2013, 'Maximum allowable values of the heavy metals in recycled water for household laundry', Science of the Total Environment, vol. 452-453, no. 1, pp. 427-432.
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Chen, Z, Ngo, H & Guo, W 2012, 'A Critical Review On Sustainability Assessment Of Recycled Water Schemes', The Science of the Total Environment, vol. 426, pp. 13-31.
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Listowski, A, Ngo, H & Guo, W 2012, 'Development of a New Framework and Methodology for Social Assessment of Recycled Water Schemes', Journal of Water Sustainability, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 149-157.
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Keywords: Recycled water, Recycled water quality criteria, clothes washing machine, pre-treatment system, assessment model, implementation program

FOR Codes: Environmental Management, Environmental Impact Assessment, Water Quality Engineering, Waste Recycling Services, Environmental Education and Awareness