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Polytitanium coagulant for water purification: A systematic investigation to identify mechanisms and benefits over today's technologies

Funding: 2013: $39,465
2014: $40,182
2015: $40,914

Project Member(s): Shon, H.

Funding or Partner Organisation: Australian Research Council (ARC Discovery Projects)
Shandong University

Start year: 2013

Summary: We will develop a process that will make coagulation in water treatment and sludge disposal more efficient. We will make major advances in understanding of titanium as a coagulant, instead of aluminium and iron. We will systematically investigate the theoretical principles and experimental solutions for titanium coagulation, to identify soluble hydrolysed titanium species and preparation of polytitanium chloride. As a result, we will establish the fundamentals of titanium coagulant science and effective water treatment using polytitanium chloride. This will open up new opportunities for water treatment innovation and advance Australia's capabilities in this field


Zhao, Y, Phuntsho, S, Gao, B & Shon, H 2017, 'Polytitanium sulfate (PTS): Coagulation application and Ti species detection', Journal of Environmental Sciences, vol. 52, pp. 250-258.
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Zhao, Y, Sun, Y, Tian, C, Gao, B, Wang, Y, Shon, H & Yang, Y 2017, 'Titanium tetrachloride for silver nanoparticle-humic acid composite contaminant removal in coagulation-ultrafiltration hybrid process: floc property and membrane fouling', Environmental Science and Pollution Research, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 1757-1768.
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El Saliby, I, McDonagh, A, Erdei, L & Kyong Shon, H 2016, 'Water Reclamation by Heterogeneous Photocatalysis over Titanium Dioxide' in Green Technologies for Sustainable Water Management, American Society of Civil Engineers, pp. 679-704.
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Lee, KY, Park, SM, Kim, JB, Saliby, IE, Shahid, M, Kim, G-J, Shon, HK & Kim, J-H 2016, 'Synthesis and Characterisation of Porous Titania-Silica Composite Aerogel for NO<SUB><I>x</I></SUB> and Acetaldehyde Removal', Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 4505-4511.
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Chekli, L, Galloux, J, Zhao, YX, Gao, BY & Shon, HK 2015, 'Coagulation performance and floc characteristics of polytitanium tetrachloride (PTC) compared with titanium tetrachloride (TiCl4) and iron salts in humic acid-kaolin synthetic water treatment', SEPARATION AND PURIFICATION TECHNOLOGY, vol. 142, pp. 155-161.
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Keywords: Polytitanium chloride,Flocculant,Sludge

FOR Codes: Environmental Technologies, Physical and Chemical Conditions of Water in Fresh, Ground and Surface Water Environments (excl. Urban and Industrial Use), Environmentally sustainable engineering , Measurement and assessment of freshwater quality (incl. physical and chemical conditions of water)