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Valuing Health-Related Quality of Life: Developing an EQ-5D-5L Value Set for Ghana

Project Member(s): Viney, R., Addo, R., Mulhern, B.

Funding or Partner Organisation: EuroQol Research Foundation
EuroQol Research Foundation

Start year: 2021

Summary: The project aims to provide the first EQ-5D-5L value set for Ghana and collect qualitative data on the ‘worse than death’ hypothesis to explore the contextual 'value of life' in Ghana. An EQ-5D-5L is an integral component of health technology assessment (HTA) that informs decision-making in the health system. The development of a Ghanaian EQ-5D-5L value set will provide a more appropriate basis for conducting HTA for decision-making in the Ghanaian health system, and support the process of institutionalizing HTA as a formal requirement. This will allow the EQ-5D-5L to be used in HTA related projects in Ghana presently and most importantly in the future when HTA is fully institutionalised. We will collect data from a sample of the Ghanaian population by adopting the methodological approach used for the Australian study that valued EQ-5D-5L using the adapted version of the standard EQ-VT protocol (EQVT-Lite). This approach has been demonstrated to produced comparable values in line with other value sets using the standard approach. To estimate utility values, we will model the TTO and DCE data separately, and also use ‘hybrid’ models. We will also conduct an in-depth qualitative interview with 10% of the sample to explore the contextual, religious and cultural influence of Ghanaians with regards to ‘worse than death’ health state, and how Ghanaians value life. These data will be analysed using an inductive thematic analytical approach.

FOR Codes: Evaluation of Health Outcomes, Applied economics